A pulmonary embolism can kill, which is why you should learn all you can. The basic definition is that it is a blockage in a pulmonary artery of the lungs. The blockage usually comes from the legs, but it also rarely comes from other parts of the body. When it comes from the legs, it is called a deep vein thrombosis. The big worries are if the clot is large or if there are several. As anyone can get them, you should look into what to do and warning signs.
Who is at risk?
There are several signs that can tell a person that they are at risk for this type of embolism. The first is if the person has a sedentary lifestyle. People who are sedentary usually also have some of the other signs of risk. Being overweight can be a risk. Being less than active also means being in one position for extended periods of time. That means someone who sits all the time for work needs to worry. A person who has had recent damage to their veins will need to worry because it can loosen a clot. That includes surgery or a broken bone. Cancer is another cause.
More problems can come from several heart conditions, such as a stroke. One issue that people do not think of is pregnancy or just given birth. Hormone treatments, such as replacement therapy or birth control, can cause a risk. That can also apply to men considering taking testosterone. People over the age of sixty are at risk. People, except for pregnant women and people aging, can manage most of the risks. All people can be a little more active, just get with your doctor to see what you can do.
What to watch for
You need to watch for several signs. One is chest pain. This can be a sign for several issues. Never take it for granted. An increased or irregular heartbeat, added in or separate, should be a concern. Dizziness is something to worry about for several reasons. A cough, especially if blood is coming out, is another sign. Get to a doctor if any or a combination of these signs start occurring.
The pulmonary embolism medicine you would take comes in two types. One is an anticoagulant. This type of pulmonary embolism medicine is what is given as soon as someone is suspected of having the embolism. These are blood thinners. The other type is called a thrombolytic. These are given intravenously. These are called clot busters. They are for the most life threatening of situations. A person who ends up on this medication will have to worry about free bleeding. If you need this, you will have to be monitored closely.
A pulmonary embolism is a health risk that you should watch out for. Doctors will know the signs, but so should you. Get with your doctor on what can be done to stop the preventable issues. There are many factors you cannot control, but do not let the ones you can be ignored. The threat is real and so is your ability to live.