Medical Marijuana vs. Morphine: Chronic Pain Management

Chronic pain is a widespread issue for Americans; it affects almost one-quarter population in the US according to CDC. Despite the alarming case of chronic pain, many patients have limited options for treatment. Today, prescription opioids such as morphine are the common solution for chronic pain treatment. However, using morphine as a form of medication can put a patient at risk. It includes substance addiction and abuse. As a result, patients and physicians are looking for a new treatment solution rather than using opioid painkillers as a treatment.

When the opioid epidemic erupts in the US, many healthcare professionals and patients start to support alternative medicine like medical marijuana. Though medical marijuana comes with a restriction due to the law, it serves a sustainable solution for many chronic pain patients.

Medical marijuana is a strong painkiller and the most effective alternative to opioids treatment. Unfortunately, it’s still inaccessible in many states, and many doctors are cautious prescribing it with patients. But other patients choose to get a Medical Marijuana Card that allows them to purchase, grow at their backyard, and use this powerful substance legally.

If you’re a patient suffering from chronic pain, and you’re planning to use either morphine or medical marijuana as a solution; then, you must know each of these treatments. To help you with this, the below information is the following science and medical facts that you need to know regarding each of these substances so you can make a smart decision at the end.

Medical Marijuana Card

Morphine: What Is It and How It Works? 

It is a narcotic medicine that belongs to the family of drugs responsible for making a particular function of the brain to calm. Morphine has a long history of medical usage and maintains its title as the most popular pain killer for many decades. The name came from a Greek word narcosis, which means to sleep or stupor. Though morphine is not as strong as Dilaudid, oxycodone, and heroin, it is still a powerful painkiller medicine.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Morphine 

As a painkiller drug, morphine has advantages and disadvantages too. Here are the following benefits of morphine:

  • Short-term efficacy: It reduces the pain level faster and effectively. It works best
  • Medical familiarity: Morphine has extensive research and understanding compared to medical marijuana.

It also has side effects as follows:

  • Tolerance
  • Addiction
  • Overdose

Medical Marijuana: What Is It and How It Works? 

Marijuana has been used to treat various health conditions and illnesses as a form off herbal medicines during ancient times. But unlike with morphine, which was used as a dominant type of analgesia, marijuana on the other side was used as a practical solution of over 200 diseases – including extreme and intense painful conditions. Back in ancient times, it is widely used to treat headaches. But during 1942 in the United States, the usage was criminalized as it was classified to be part of Schedule I drug.

As an herbal painkiller, regardless if it is inhaled or ingested, the compounds in marijuana travel to the human brain and sent to cannabinoid receptors throughout the brain. But instead of calming the mind like morphine, marijuana induces a state of euphoria.